Mombasa, an important regional business and tourism hub along the Indian Ocean, is supported by a large sea port and international airport. Mombasa Island itself is not the main attraction, although the Old Town and Fort Jesus are key attractions. The beaches located north and south of the city are key attractions that host several luxury hotels and resorts with magnificent views of the Indian Ocean.
Dar-es-Salaam (meaning ‘Haven of Peace’), formerly Mzizima, is Tanzania’s largest and richest city, serving as a regionally important economic centre. Although Dar-es-Salaam lost its offi cial status as capital city to Dodoma in 1974; it remains the most important city for both business and government. Dar-es-Salaam places of interest include;
Bujumbura is the capital city and main port of Burundi. The city center has a large market, the national stadium, a large mosque and the Cathedral for the Archdiocese of Bujumbura. Museums in the city include the Burundi Museum of Life and the Burundi Geological Museum.
Stone Town is located on the western coast of Unguja, the main island of the Zanzibar Archipelago. The former capital of the Zanzibar Sultanate and flourishing center of the spice and slave trade in the 19th century, Stone Town has retained its importance as the main city of Zanzibar. When Tanganyika and Zanzibar joined to form the United Republic of Tanzania,Zanzibar kept a semi-autonomous status, with Stone Town as its capital and government seat for Zanzibar.
Kigali has been the economic, cultural and transport hub of Rwanda since it became the capital at independence in 1962. The city is developing fast and is very much a showpiece capital designed to impress visitors, from the humble tourist, to foreign investors and visiting dignitaries.
Kampala is home to thousands of Ugandan businesses and major international and regional companies and organizations, including the headquarters of the East African Development Bank and the Makerere University, one of East and Central Africa’s premier institutes of higher learning.
Nairobi is one of the most prominent cities in Africa both politically and financially. Home to thousands of Kenyan businesses and major international companies and organizations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the main coordinating office and headquarters for the United Nations in Africa & Middle East, the United Nations Office in Nairobi (UNON), Nairobi is an established hub for business and tourism.